Most of us may be unaware that our communication via the Internet is based on light signals rather than electrical signals. Fiber optics is the method by which most information flows around the world. Given the cost of the fiber is only a tiny fraction of the cost of setting up fiber optical communication, it is not surprising that extra fibers are included to cope with unexpected increases in demand.
These redundant fibers are often known as dark fibers and could be used by secondary users when the primary user is not using them. amcom provides dark fibre connectivity and you can access such a secondary fiber optics network by using the services of such a company.
You should not assume that dark fiber communication is in some way secret and that your privacy is being respected. The National Security Agency (NSA) continues to employ increasingly sophisticated surveillance techniques to capture metadata of such messages, whether on dark fibers or not. Every day we see further examples of these data intrusions.
As the Washington Post informs us, the NSA has agreements with private companies to protect U.S. access to cables’ data for surveillance
It’s much easier to collect information from any of dozens of cable landing stations around the world – where data transmissions are sorted into separate streams – or in some cases from network operations centers that oversee the entire system, say those familiar with the technology who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss sensitive intelligence matters.
In summary, you can use dark fiber communications systems for better economics but do not assume they in any way hide your activities from the watchers.